Overview on Indonesian Forestry
- Indonesian Forest area is about 130.68 million ha, classified into:
- Conservation forest (26,8 million Ha)
- Protection Forest (28,86 million Ha)
- Production forest (32,60 million Ha)
- Limited production forest (24,46 million Ha)
- Convertible production forest (17,94 million Ha).
- Strengthening forest designation to secure forest area
- Maintaining and enhancing the functions and the carrying capacity of watershed
- Forest protection and controlling forest fire
- Biodiversity conservation
- Revitalization of forest use and forestry industries
- Empowerment of communities surrounding forests
Overview on Indonesia Social Forestry (SF)
- Community is the main actor, the government as facilitator, regulator and supervisor
- Implemented at the state owned forest and private land
- Implementation of sustainable forest management for economic development and socio cultural
- Aim to alleviate poverty
- Community capacity building.
Priorities of Social Forestry in Indonesia
- Providing legal access to communities in managing state forest, through schemes called: Community Forest (HKm), Village Forest, Private Forest, and People’s Timber Estate
- Providing scheme of low interest loan for the development of Community Forest, Village Forest, Private Forest and People’s Timber Estate
- Development of partnerships between forest farmers and forest product based industries.
National Target Forest Cover for SF Development (2010-2014)
- Community Forest (HKm): 2 million Ha
- Village Forest (VF): 500.000 ha
- Private Forest: 250.000 ha
- People’s Timber Estate: 2.75 Million ha
Strategy for Achievement of SF National Target
- Developing intensive communication with local governmet (Governor and Head of District) and NGO
- Encourage Local Goverment to propose SF and VF
- Assissting farmer groups to prepare administration requirements.
Regulation Concerning Indonesian Social Forestry
Ministry of Forestry Regulations:
- No. P.26/2005 concerning Development of Private Forest
- No. P.37/2007 concerning Community Forest
- No. P.49/2008 concerning Village Forest
- No. P.35/2007 concerning Development of Non Timber Forest Products.
ASEAN – Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change (ASFCC) Programme support for SF in Indonesia:
- ASEAN – Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change (ASFCC) Programme support for SF in Indonesia
- CF Permit for 10 Farmer Groups consisting in total of 1987 farmers and covering about 5,094 ha, has been issued
- Activities conducted at Sikka CF:
- Internship Learning on CF Practices at Aik Berik, Central Lombok - West Nusa Tenggara/NTB
- Developing CF operational plan for 2012 and 2014
- Training on Carbon Measurement and providing measurement tools for Farmer Groups
- Training on institutional strengthening for Farmer Groups who have received SF Permit
- Training on Community Livelihood Appraisal and Products Scanning (CLAPS)
- Identification of NTFP Potential using CLAPS tools
- Training on NTFP Production Process and providing modest equipment for NTFP production process
- Training on Financial administration for Farmer Groups
- Training on institutional strengthening for farmer groups who have not received SF permit.
- Exchange Learning for Forest Farmers, NGOs, Government Representatives to Bantaeng VF and Jeneponto CF. Attended by participants from Cambodia, Malaysia, Philippines and Indonesia, including participants from 5 different Provinces of Indonesia.
- Promote Social Forestry Awareness through National Calendar of SF Development Programmes and Activities for Farmers and Local Governments. Distributed to Forest Farmers in CF and VF sites of Yogyakarta, South Sulawesi Watershed, Lombok and Sikka.
National Policy Addressing Climate Change:
- Indonesia is one of nine Countries piloting implementation of REDD
- The Government of Indonesia has committed to reduce emission by 26% of the level ‘ business as usual’
- by the year 2020 with its own funding, or 41% with the support of international contributions
- Following the commitment, some actions have been conducted:
- ‘Quick Studies’ in collaboration with Indonesia Forest Climate Alliance (IFCA), to ensure the readiness in implementing REDD
- Establishing National Board on Climate Change
- Establishing Demonstration Activities in several provinces, followed by establishment of REDD+ Working Groups, involving local people
- Issuing Ministry of Forestry Regulation No. P. 36/2009, concerning procedure for issuing permits for utilizing absorption and/or carbon stock in production forest and protection forest
- Issuing Ministry of Forestry Regulation No. P. 30/2009, concerning mechanism of emission reduction from deforestation and forest degradation
- Issuing Presidential Regulation No.16/2011 concerning National Action Plan for reducing emission
- Issuing Instruction of the President of Indonesia No.10/2011 concerning delay issuance of new permits and improvement of natural forest and peat land forest governance
- Issuing Ministry of Forestry Decree No. SK 323/2011 concerning determination of indicative map for delaying of issuance of new permits, utilization of forest area and forest land use change
- Issuing Ministry of Forestry Regulation No. P. 20/2012, concerning implementation of forest carbon.
SF Activities contributing to Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
- Implementation of Enhancing the Sustainable Community-Based Management of Wood Pellets Production - a Renewable Energy, to Support a Low Carbon Economy and Mitigation to Climate Change in Bangkalan, Madura, East Java
- Planting 184 ha with Calindra for raw material of the wood pellet mill
- Community empowerment through training and group discussion
SF Activities Contributing to Reduce Illicit Timber Harvesting
- Civil Society Organizations Engagement for CF and VF Development
- National Meeting on Community Forest and Village Forest, to ensure effective coordination in achieving CF and VF. National Targets, attended by Central Government, Local Government, NGOs, Community and Media (more than 400 people).
- Participatory Research on Potential NTFP to be developed in CF/HKm or VF/HD, to enhance commodities productivity and suitability of community forest
- Developing NTFP for the community at CF/HKm and VF/HD, to develop the capacity of the community at HKm/HD
- Development of partnership for private forest farmers, to improve income of the private forest farmers
- Promoting leading commodity from community forestry in trade fair, to assist community receiving fair value of their products
- Development of benchmark for community forest and village forest for ASEAN level
- Enhance capacity of community forest involving renewable energy (Wood Pellet) in Madura, to improve community’s knowledge on business sense with simple economic analyses tool on operating wood pellet production
- Executive study tour on social forestry in Community Forest site to showcase viable and feasible economic activities in the community/village level to the policy makers within national and regional scope
- Exchange visit on social forestry (for community and NGO) in leading AMS’s learning sites, to share knowledge and experiences on social forestry practices.