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Lao PDR

Overview – Participatory Sustainable Forest Management (PSFM)

Four Pillars of PSFM:

  • Participatory sustainable forest management of state forests (in all forest types)
  • Village forestry
  • Promote small holder plantations
  • Enabling environment/mechanisms (law, decree, legal instruments, administration procedure, institutional framework).

Strategic Missions:

  • Protect and sustainable use of existing forests
  • Rehabilitate degraded forest lands.

Social Forestry Policies

  • Council of Ministers Decree No.117 (1989)
  • Prime Ministers Decree No. 169 (1993)
  • Prime Ministers Decree No. 186 (1994)
  • Forest Law (1996, modify 2007)
  • Forest Strategy 2020

Priorities of Social Forestry in Lao PDR

  • Agroforestry Development
  • Local People Livelihood Improvement
  • Village Forestry and Sustainable Utilization of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs)
  • Policy of Land Use Planning and Land Allocation
  • Linkages/Networking
  • Capacity Building
  • Designing of Social Forestry to 
  • address Climate Change
  • Land Rights Issues.

National Policy Addressing Climate Change

  • Establishment of the National Climate Change Committee by Vice Prime Minister (Chairman), eight Ministries and two Departments (DOE, DOF Secretariat), seven Working Groups on research for the land use and forestry focus on REDD (Reduce Emission from 
  • Forest Degradation and Deforestation)
  • Forest Regeneration Projects and Activities contributing to Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

Social Forestry Role in Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption

  • Development of Agroforestry Models and Tree Plantation
  • Forest Protection and Forest Regeneration
  • Reducing Forest Fire
  • National Conservation and Environment Awareness
  • Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring
  • Stakeholder Networking and Partnership

Role of Social Forestry in Contributing to Food Security and Addressing Climate Change 

  • SF conducts major role in Food Security and Climate Change
  • SF as Integrated approach such as Biophysical, Social, Cultural, Political, Conservation, Economical, etc

Key Activities of Social Forestry in Lao PDR

  • Model development of Village forestry 
  • Capacity building (Training of trainers), currently available for 26 staff
  • Landscape approach to SFM (FIP-SUPSFM)
  • Integrating REDD+ in SFM (CliPAD-district, PAREDD-province, JCM, LEAF, RECOFTC)
  • PES:
    • Testing
    • Protecting Ecosystem Service
  • Engaging private sector in supporting small holder plantations private sector, IFC (OJI/Attapue)
  • Strengthening national forest monitoring system
    • Equipments 
    • Databases 
    • Methodology
    • Human resources. 

Next Steps

  • Policy enhancement to adopt Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
  • Formulate Climate Change strategies and Plan of Action
  • Integrated Poverty Eradication and Sustainable Forest Management
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Human Resources Development not only from government itself but also for local authorities as well as people
  • Management Plan for Social Forestry
  • Sustainable Financing Mechanism
  • Benefit Sharing