- Participation of local community and civil societies as fundamental role in natural resources management, biodiversity and environmental conservation to support sustainable development of the country;
- Social Forestry as holistic approach to address climate change mitigation and adaption options, contributing food security, forest landscape restoration, and poverty alleviation.
National Policy Addressing Climate Change
- Myanmar Agenda 21: integrate the principle of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources,
- Forest Law (1992) and Myanmar Forest Policy (1995) address the conservation to contribute on climate change;
- Myanmar ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on November 1994 and Kyoto Protocol in 2003.
Institutions Involved in Social Forestry
- Forest Department (FD) as a main body for policy, planning, and implementing in forest sector under the guidelines of Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MOECAF);
- Dry Zone Greening Department (DZGD) for reforestation of degraded lands and environmental restoration in the central dry zone of Myanmar;
- University of Forestry (UOF) as an institution for capacity building and enhancing the skills of personnel in social forestry;
- NGOs, INGOs, civil societies supporting to forestry sector as partner organizations.
Priorities regarding to Community Forestry in Myanmar
- Strategic Policies for poverty alleviation and rural development programmes,
- Developing the community forestry,
- Capacity building, research and development in social forestry,
- Networking in social forestry activities in national and regional levels.
Social Forestry Role in Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption
- Fundamental role in stabilizing shifting cultivation, deforestation and forest degradation, forest protection, reforestation and afforestation, sustainable forest management, biodiversity conservation, resilient to disasters, community based disaster risk reduction,
Key Activities regarding to Social Forestry in Myanmar
- Nationwide tree planting and greening the dry zone,
- Using efficient stove to promote wood-fuel substitution,
- Biodiversity conservation and forest protection,
- Mangrove rehabilitation and coastal management,
- Developing social forestry for deforestation and forest degradation.
- To develop social forestry to contribute on climate change mitigation and adaptation,
- To regulate forest governance, empowerment to manage and conserve the forests,
- To strengthen Social Forestry Network in national level,
- To share and exchange various social forestry practices and knowledge in the region through ASFN