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Thailand

Overview – Three Key Points

  • Economic Community Building
  • Socio-Cultural Community Building 
  • Civil Society Engagement

Economic Community Building

  • Agroforestry Implementation (agroforestry demonstration site) in 12 community forests covering 107.68 ha and on 32 villagers’ household areas with a total of 20.16 ha
  • Trainings on agroforestry  for 24 communities, 600 participants
  • Trainings on propagation techniques of agricultural and forest trees for 12 communities, 360 participants
  • Studies on biodiversity and conservation by using permanent plot of 12 community forests.

Socio – Cultural Community Building

  • Community Forest (CF) establishment has comprised of 257 newly registered community forests covering 24,223.2 ha and 251 renewed community forests covering 24,845.4 ha. Total is 498 community forest registered covering 49,068.6 ha
  • Forest conservation and restoration with monastery in forest areas  have reached 66 out  of 77 provinces 
  • 18 Trainings on the roles of priest in forest conservation for 540 budhist monks.

Civil Society Engagement

  • Community Forest networks established at provincial level with 66 CFs were encouraged for capacity performances through annual seminar
  • CFs at level sub district, district and province were enhanced through relevant CF activities
  • Urban Forestry established through strengthening 84 local religious institues, academia, municipal offices to develop and increase urban green areas
  • Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on Community Forest Development conducted by:
    • RATCH ( Ratchaburi Electricity Generating Holding Public Company Limited) through awarding best practice on CF management, studying urban forestry, organizing youth camps and supporting 2 natiral resources management learning centers
    • Thai Airways through eco tourism development, check dam construction, mountainous waterworks system,  fire break establishment, biodiversity and conservation study, seedling nursery establishment and tree enrichment
    • The Central Group through Eco tour trail establishment, Forest learning stations in CF, Teak conservation, Herbal diversity enrichment and Mountainous waterworks system.

Priorities of Social Forestry in Thailand

  • Protect, conserve and improve environmental and livelihood quality of community forestry according to natural resources base
  • Prevent and mitigate any damages within community forest caused by human activities
  • Support R & D and Climate Change knowledge transfer including beneficial database on impact and adaptation options in community forestry for supporting decision-making.
  • Build capacity of community forest network, relevant personnel and agencies to better coordination and integration to support and promote international cooperation relevant to Climate Change in community forestry management at the global and regional level.

National Policy Addressing Climate Change

  • Build capacity for climate change adaptation and reducing vulnerability
  • Promote greenhouse gases mitigation activities based on sustainable development
  • Support research and development on adaptation and mitigation
  • Raise awareness and public participation on climate change problem solving 
  • Capacity Building of relevant institution and staffs and establishing framework of coordination and integration
  • Supporting international cooperation regarding to Climate Change adaptation and mitigation
  • Enhance the resilience of ecosystems to sustain environmental services for Thais livelihood
  • Introduce tax measure as sustainable forest management tools.

Community Forest Policies 

  • The 1985 National Forest Policy: National target is 40% of forest cover. (25% for conservation and 15% for economical forest)
  • The 2007 National Constitution: 
    • Communal rights in the conservation and use natural resources, Article 56
    • The right to access information, Article 59
    • The duty of state to promote and encourage public participation in the conservation and use of natural resources, Article 79
    • The power and duty of local authorities in the management, maintenance and utilization of natural resources, Article 290
  • The 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan (NESDP):”opportunities must be given to citizens and communities to participate in planning, decision making, and evaluation of government projects that could have an impact on natural resources and environment”
  • The 1992 National Environmental Quality Enhancement Act of 1992:”instill people the sense of ownership in natural resources and environment and maintain them”.

Social Forestry Role in Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption

  • Over 500,000 Ha of community forest across the Country that have been conserved so far will be an excellent source for GHG sequestration
  • Participation from all stakeholders within community forestry programs will ensure sustainable Climate Change mitigation and adaptation
  • Establishment of knowledge based on impacts and adaptation of Climate Change regarding community forestry can be distributed as a best practice model for contributing through community forest network
  • Community forestry activities can facilitate the promotion of awareness, consciousness and participation of people to perform their duty in Climate Change mitigation and adaptation.

Key Activities regarding to Social Forestry in Thailand

  • Organize public awareness campaigns and outreach to enhance people perception related to Climate Change mitigation and adaptation via community forestry activities
  • Motivate and encourage business sector to support community forestry activities through Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) program
  • Create mechanism of monitoring and evaluation the community forestry program to ensure sustainable development and management
  • Enhance the reliance of community forest under climate change using agroforestry
  • Legal CF Establishment
  • CF development in association with religious institutes and extension of CF network
  • CSR on CF development.

Next Steps

  • Promote effective community forestry activities as a model regarding to Climate Change mitigation and adaptation into international frameworks – UNFCCC, ASEAN, Bilateral or Multilateral agreements
  • Finding financial support as funding establishment from developed countries or international organizations initiate projects on Climate Change mitigation and adaptation
  • Promote skill development and experience sharing among ASEAN Member States or with others for Climate Change mitigation and adaptation.

Knowledge Sharing from Thailand

14 September, 2012

Thailand: A diversity-based community forest management system

Thailand: A diversity-based community forest management system Among at least 400 modern "community forest" systems in the hilly upper Northern region of Thailand is that of Mae Khong Saai village in Chiang Dao district of Chiang Mai province. The system features 57 hectares of agricultural fields in which at least 10...