Learning Visit: Lesson Learned Exchanges among Communities and Governments of ASFN Member States on Successful Keys of Social Forestry in context Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
In the objectives of ASEAN Social Forestry Network (ASFN) there are
•Promote good policy and practice for social forestry
•Establish and strengthen ASFN information and communication systems
•Promote and develop support for ASEAN cooperation in social forestry
•Support a regional network of “learning sites” that demonstrate social forestry, and
•Promote the exchange of experiences and knowledge among practicing communities, local governments/local authorities, civil society organisations and the private sector.
Related to the objective point of Support a regional network of “learning sites” that demonstrate social forestry, and Promote the exchange of experiences and knowledge among practicing communities, local governments/local authorities, civil society organisations and the private sector, and also as respond to the proposed of the request from ASEAN Member States in 6th ASFN Annual Meeting , Cambodia, 13-14 June 2012, that to conduct Exchange Programme as a Learning Visit among AMS to support learning exchanges and capacity building for community representatives implementing successful social forestry, ASFN Secretariat has organized the Learning Visit: Lesson Learned Exchanges among Communities and Governments of ASFN Member States on Successful Keys of Social Forestry in context Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation.
The Learning Visit of ASFN Member States held in Bantaeng and Jeneponto, South Sulawesi, on 5 – 9 February 2013 focused on sharing and learning on experiences and knowledge among farmers and local governments from ASFN Member States.
There are five concerns on making Social Forestry successful; development process of institutional on community forestry, legal permit, funding mechanism, enterprises in community forestry and local business in community forestry. There was an exposure on each potential of Non Timber Forest Products during field trip such as Honey, Coffee Vinnegar and Water source management in Village Forest Bantaeng, while in Jeneponto Community Forest they have cashew nut and Mahony.
Many communities live surround forest which conduct Sustainable Forest Management and also generate income to improve their livelihood. There many potential learning areas were identified, but it was determined that Bantaeng and Janeponto, Indonesia would provide the best comparison with ASEAN Member States situation. Such an international learning visit would provide the opportunity to learn from every participant to be shared to colleagues back home.
Learning and Exchange Visit Objectives:
The Learning and Exchange visit aims to share experiences and knowledge among farmers and government from ASFN Member States in the implementation of social forestry programmes and initiatives in context of climate change adaptation and mitigation. It will offer opportunities for interactions and sharing among representatives of farmers and governments in social forestry programmes and initiatives in context of climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Such themes will be covered in the sharing and learning:
1.National Strategy consultation and multi-stakeholders on Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) and Improving Community Livelihood through Social Forestry
2. Issues, challenges and collaborative solutions in establishing and development of SFM and Improving Community Livelihood through Social Forestry
3.Key National Strategy components :
b.Governance-structure, mechanisms and management arrangement
c.Research and development
d.Resource use, allocation and management
e.Measurement, reporting and verification (MRV)
g.Marketing and Enterprise of the NTFP or MPTs
4.Social forestry programmes and networks and their mainstreaming, inclusion and engagement in the climate change adaptation and mitigation
The Participants of the Visit:
1.Cambodia : 4 representatives (1 Government, 2 NGO and 1 Community representative)
2.Malaysia: 1 Representative ( 1 Government)
3.Philippines: 2 Representatives ( 1 Government and 1 Community representatives)
4.Indonesia: 15 Representatives from 5 Community Forest Farmer Groups of 3 provinces.
The Program of Activities which has been done:
Day 1. Welcome Dinner and Explanation on the Learning Visit Program, Participants were informed about the Objectives and assignment to be presented on the last day of the Program. It was expected that participants can explain the Social Forestry of their Group Buddy. This was the main exchange beside the exchange from sites. The Exchange Program was facilitated by Rowena Soreaga, who has experienced in facilitating exchange program in Asia Region.
Day 2. Participants went to Bantaeng Village, there was exposed how Bantaeng villager conduct sustainable forest management through Village Forest Scheme which accommodate by Government of Indonesia as one of Social Forestry schemes in Indonesia. Participants were welcomed by traditional ceremony which performed dances. Participants has been impressed by the explanation of Village enterprise how they organize the institution after RECOFTC trained and facilitated them, how they manage forest, how to manage water supply business and how to develop village business. The recipe has been shared, the strong commitment of Village Government and the people supported by Sub District, District and Provincial. The support and facilitation are also from Local CSO and the last but not least is Central Government. The Village has started their effort to get licence on managing forest through Village Forest since 2009. In 2012, Village Forest Work Plan was approved by the Governor of South Sulawesi. However, people and government have been work collaboratively before their proposal to Government. Participants were taken to the forest bee farming. Cambodia delegates were interested to know how they conduct forest bee farming. In the evening, after dinner in Bulukumba, there was a presentation on Bulukumba Community Forest delivered by Ibu Misbawati A. Wawo, Head of Local Government Forestry Unit of Bulukumba District.
Day 3. Participants went to Jeneponto Community Forest. There was an exchange between Philippines and Jeneponto. Mr. Valentin, President of CBFM People’s organization, said that the Jeneponto case on how to manage the deforestation area into better forest condition.
Day 4. Participants presented their assignment which consisted of:
1.Institutional capacity of social forestry practitioners
–local authorities, facilitators, local community representatives, etc.
2.Results and potentials from social forestry activities
–e.g. forest products (non-timber and timber), ecological services (water, biodiversity, carbon, socio-cultural benefits)
3.Challenges faced in implementing social forestry activities
4.Marketing potential for social forestry products to improve livelihoods
5.Ensuring food security through preserving forest functions
–promoting water quality and river resources for health and nutrition
–mitigating and adapting to climate change e.g. through agroforestry
6.Networking and engagement with partners
–facilitation, e.g. permit process, marketing products
–implementation of social forestry activities, e.g. forest patrolling
–building capacity e.g. community carbon accounting
In Day 4, delegate from Malaysia presented Gunung Kidul Community Forest, while Gunung Kidul Community Forest explained about what is community forest in Malaysia. Delegate from Cambodia presented Lombok Barat Community Forest, while Lombok Barat explained Cambodia Community Forest. The last delegate, Philippines has a good chance to explain about Lombok Tengah Community Forest.