Adopted by the 18th ASEAN Senior Officials on Forestry (ASOF) Meeting, Yogyakarta, 6-8 August 2015
In June 2014, the ASOF endorsed the Strategies and Mechanisms to Strengthen ASEAN cooperation in Social Forestry that were Adopted by the ASFN in the 5th ASFN Conference in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah in May 2014.
Following this in the 6th Annual ASFN Conference in Inle Lake, Shan State, Myanmar in June 2015, the ASFN affirmed that Social Forestry can contribute significantly to realize the ASEAN Vision 2020 for Food, Agriculture and Forestry (FAF). It is envisioned that ASEAN shall be a leading producer of FAF products, and the forestry sector as a model in forest management, conservation and sustainable development.
As the diverse modes of Social/Community Forestry (SF/CF) typically engage communities living in and around forests, SF/CF is ideally suited not only for forest management but also for multifunctional landscape management. Beyond their contributions to economic production, multifunctional landscapes are vital for the over-all wellbeing of the people who live in and manage these landscapes.
Recommendations to ASEAN:
- Recognize the importance of agroforestry, including sustainable shifting cultivation and traditional land use practices, to enhance forest and agro biodiversity in, and benefits from, multifunctional landscapes:
- Promote agroforestry as part of SF/CF
- Encourage the planting of multi-purpose plant species (i.e. food based trees, medicinal and aromatic plants) in SF/CF
- Document and publish at national level a priority list of NTFPs / forest resources for protection, enhancement, management, production for livelihood and enterprise
- Support research and investment on food from forests and on nutrition from organic and diversified production systems
- Prioritize or accelerate granting of Community Forestry Arrangements (CFAs) and other tenure modalities to support SF/CF-based livelihoods and enterprises
- Provide a “one stop” service center for SMEs, including micro-scale community- and Indigenous Peoples’ enterprises;
- Establish an ASEAN Trust Fund for SF/CF-based SMEs;
- Assist SMEs to meet national/regional product standards/requirements, enhance value addition, increase bargaining power and achieve economies of scale;
- Accept alternative certification regimes that are more appropriate for SMEs;
- Support SME Capacity Building to ensure safety and quality of products, enable them to: meet harmonized standards and legality regulations; undertake savings and investment; and form associations and advocate for favorable policies;
- Create or institutionalize a platform for exchange on forest products technologies and product development;
- Joint planning between ASFN and relevant AEG/AWG on community economy, livelihoods concerns and climate change;
- Assist in the protection the knowledge, culture and products of local communities through recognition of intellectual property rights, including rights not necessarily defined by existing national and international IPR frameworks.
- Facilitate and regulate the development of equitable partnership between small holders, SMEs, larger enterprises and the international markets;
- Adopt and implement regulations on environmental and social sustainability that need to be adhered to by all producers;
- Direct larger companies to train SMEs as part of their duty to transfer knowledge, with priority to non-wood forest products.
- Develop criteria and key success indicators with clear targets suitable for SF/CF;
- Develop FPIC guidelines for forestry, including SF/CF, building on the lessons from REDD+;
- Develop and implement schemes and mechanisms for compensation of forest ecosystem services;
- Strengthening ASFN communication and coordination mechanism.